coal liquefaction and processing

Molecular structure and size of asphaltene and ...

Molecular structure and size of asphaltene and ...

WEBSep 1, 2015 · Typical liquefaction process is performed at 400 °C for 60 min under 5 MPa H 2 (initial pressure) in 2:1 (solvent: coal) tetralin solvent with 5% FeS + S (an equimolar mixture of FeS and S) as alyst. A detailed procedure of hydroliquefaction and separation can be seen elsewhere [31]. The AS and PA obtained by a batch .

Direct Coal Liquefaction: Low Temperature Dissolution Process

Direct Coal Liquefaction: Low Temperature Dissolution Process

WEBThe frontend design of a direct coal liquefaction process for the conversion of lignite into coal liquids by solvent extraction was investigated. The experimental work focused on physical coal dissolution in the temperature range 25–150 °C. It was found that the kinetics of physical coal dissolution was rapid and essentially complete within 2 min at 25 °C. .

Catalysis in Coal Liquefaction

Catalysis in Coal Liquefaction

WEBJan 1, 1994 · In the coal liquefaction process, scales and sludges, formed on the reactor walls, cause severe problems, which limit long operation. The crystal growth of chlorides and carbonates appears to trigger their formation, trapping the other solids. Hence major problems may come from ions, which react with carbon dioxide or chloride ions to .

Dissolution behavior of hydrogen in the model recycle solvent of .

Dissolution behavior of hydrogen in the model recycle solvent of .

WEBDec 1, 2021 · Direct coal liquefaction (DCL) at mild conditions (about 693 K and less than 10 MPa) is an important and efficient way for the conversion of coal to high valueadded chemicals and fuel oil. In the process of DCL, the pre‑hydrogenation of a recycle solvent is an important step and the recycle solvent is always heated from low temperatures to .

Breakthrough and innovative clean and efficient coal .

Breakthrough and innovative clean and efficient coal .

WEBMay 1, 2021 · To update the methods used to provide clean and efficient conversion of coal, it is required to explore forward leading technology for the modern coal chemical industry, as shown in Fig. approaches include machinelearning technology for the efficient design and development of alysts (Han et al., 2017); high value, highend, .

CoaltoLiquids

CoaltoLiquids

WEB4 Liquefaction. Coal liquefaction is the process of making a liquid fuel from coal. The fundamental difference between coal, a solid, and liquid fuels is that the liquid fuels have a higher hydrogen:carbon ratio. Liquid fuels have lower ash contents and are easier to upgrade (, to remove unwanted impurities such as nitrogen and sulfur). ...

Influence of coal properties on coal conversion processescoal ...

Influence of coal properties on coal conversion processescoal ...

WEBFeb 8, 2021 · Indirect liquefaction process coal is liquefied through the Fischer–Tropsch (FTS) process. ... Coal liquefaction is favoured by the simple skeletal structure that comprises mainly of simple aromatic rings which are less likely to be removed from the lignin basing on the building block for phenyl propane (Durie 1982).

Coal Liquefaction in Coiled Tube Reactors | Industrial

Coal Liquefaction in Coiled Tube Reactors | Industrial

WEBThis article is cited by 32 publiions. Subhashini Vashisth,, Vimal Kumar, and, Krishna D. P. Nigam. A Review on the Potential Appliions of Curved Geometries in Process Industry.

Direct Coal Liquefaction | SpringerLink

Direct Coal Liquefaction | SpringerLink

WEBThis paper presents a brief state of the art review of direct coal liquefaction. The review includes important pilot scale processes available for the liquefaction an a brief description of the structure of coal and the chemistry, mechanism and available lumped kinetic models for the liquefaction process. It also includes some discussions on ...

A study on the structure of Naomaohu coal and its suitability for ...

A study on the structure of Naomaohu coal and its suitability for ...

WEBMar 1, 2022 · Direct coal liquefaction is an important way to obtain liquid fuels and chemicals and has drawn attention widely since the beginning of this century [37]. The choice of feedstock coal has a significant relationship with the reaction conditions and oil yield of direct coal liquefaction. ... In the coal liquefaction process, the hydrides .

Enhanced conversion of heavy feedstock through the circulation of ...

Enhanced conversion of heavy feedstock through the circulation of ...

WEBJun 2, 2024 · Coal liquefaction oils are commonly reintroduced into the reaction system through partial circulation to facilitate the hydroconversion process, since the similar structural properties between oil products and the organic components in coal. ... Liquefaction process with bottom recycling for complete conversion of brown coal. .

Direct liquefaction behaviors of Bulianta coal and its macerals

Direct liquefaction behaviors of Bulianta coal and its macerals

WEBDec 1, 2014 · In the liquefaction process, it is usually thought that the solvent plays the role in transferring hydrogen from gas to free radical fragments of coal. The solvents with most effective Hdonor ability are those with a partially hydrogenated aromatic structure [27], and the hydroaromatic hydrogen is readily abstracted for stabilizing the coal ...

The Shenhua coal direct liquefaction plant | Semantic Scholar

The Shenhua coal direct liquefaction plant | Semantic Scholar

WEBMay 1, 1999 · An overview of conversion of residues from coal liquefaction processes. S. Khare M. Dell'amico. Environmental Science, Chemistry. 2013. Direct coal liquefaction (DCL) is a process for converting coal to synthetic oils, which can be refined to make transportation fuels. Residue from this process contains inorganic material such as..

Fluid coking of coal liquefaction residues. Final technical progress ...

Fluid coking of coal liquefaction residues. Final technical progress ...

WEBThe purpose was to characterize the coal liquefaction residues and to assess the effect of major coking process variables on yields and operability. Detailed compilations of all work performed are included in Interim Technical Reports (FE242210, .

Coal liquefaction: The chemistry and technology of thermal .

Coal liquefaction: The chemistry and technology of thermal .

WEBThe book treats the conversion of coal into liquids in terms of the structural and functional differences between the coal and the desired products, with particular emphasis on thermal processes for coal liquefaction. The chemical and structural composition of coal and the liquids to be derived from coal are reviewed, and the significance of the physical .

Economic evaluations of direct, indirect and hybrid coal liquefaction

Economic evaluations of direct, indirect and hybrid coal liquefaction

WEBFeb 2, 2012 · The various geopolitical problems associated with oil have rekindled interest in coal, with many countries working on projects for its liquefaction. This study established the feasibility of coal liquefaction through a technical and economic examination of direct coal liquefaction (DCL), indirect coal liquefaction (ICL) and hybrid coal liquefaction .

The Chevron coal liquefaction process (CCLP)

The Chevron coal liquefaction process (CCLP)

WEBOct 1, 1982 · The basic process, which can be considered 'second generation' relative to other coal liquefaction processes under development today, is called the Chevron Coal Liquefaction Process (CCLP). This process and its variants have been studied in integrated laboratoryscale pilot plants with capacities of — kg (coal) day −1.

Transformation Characteristics of HydrogenDonor Solvent .

Transformation Characteristics of HydrogenDonor Solvent .

WEBNov 1, 2019 · The second way to utilize solvents for coal processing is the liquefaction process. A large variety of studies in the literature have investigated the liquefaction processes of diverse types of ...

Clean liquid fuels from direct coal liquefaction: Chemistry, .

Clean liquid fuels from direct coal liquefaction: Chemistry, .

WEBDirect coal liquefaction (DCL) converts solid coal (H/C ratio ≈ ) to liquid fuels (H/C ratio ≈ 2) by adding hydrogen at high temperature and pressures in the presence or absence of alyst. This review provides a comprehensive literature survey of the coal structure, chemistry and alysis involved in direct liquefaction of coal.

Life cycle analysis of direct and indirect coal liquefaction for ...

Life cycle analysis of direct and indirect coal liquefaction for ...

WEBJan 1, 2018 · Fig. 12 shows the total costs of the whole coal liquefaction process together with the costs of four major parts: coal price, (coal) transportation, DCL production and distribution. Among three, "DCL_R" is the most economical one, the price of which is only two third of "DCL_H". For "DCL_H" and "DCL_R", the price caused by the ...

Isotropic pitchderived carbon fiber from waste coal

Isotropic pitchderived carbon fiber from waste coal

WEBJan 5, 2024 · Waste coalderived isotropic pitch was produced via a direct coal liquefaction (DCL) process [[12], [13], [14]] in tetralin (1,2,3,4tetrahydronaphthalene), followed by pressure filtration and distillation of the resultant coal extract to render an isotropic of coal in tetralin (1:3 by weight) was carried out in a 2 L autoclave .

Direct liquefaction proofofconcept program

Direct liquefaction proofofconcept program

WEBDec 1, 1997 · Abstract. The POC Bench Option Project (PBSeries) is geared to evaluate different novel processing concepts in alytic direct coal liquefaction and coprocessing of organic wastes such as plastics, heavy resids, waste oils, .

Investigation on coal ash fusibility and fluidity during the co ...

Investigation on coal ash fusibility and fluidity during the co ...

WEBOct 1, 2021 · Coal indirect liquefaction residue (LR), as the final solid waste produced in the indirect coal liquefaction process, could cause environmental damage and waste of resources immensely in its stacking or landfill treatment method [2]. Therefore, cogasifiion of coal and LR was an effective way to handle the LRderived problems [3, 4].

Development of Highly Dispersed Coal Liquefaction Catalysts

Development of Highly Dispersed Coal Liquefaction Catalysts

WEBMar 1, 1994 · Kinetics of Thermal and Catalytic Coal Liquefaction with PlasticDerived Liquids as Solvent. Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research 1997, 36 (5), .

Is coal liquefaction worth it? : r/factorio

Is coal liquefaction worth it? : r/factorio

WEBCoal Liquefaction factory, primarily creates lube and solid fuel, cracks excess down to Petroleum and exports Advanced Oil Processing, crack everything down to Petroleum Plastic and Sulfur factory to consume all Petroleum I use LTN and so I will make the Coal factory a higher priority for Petroleum exports so it never gets backed up.

Outline of NEDOL coal liquefaction process development (pilot .

Outline of NEDOL coal liquefaction process development (pilot .

WEBFeb 1, 2000 · The 150t/day NEDOL coal liquefaction pilot plant (PP) has validated the superior technical features with a highly active liquefaction alyst and hydrogen donor solvent. The operation runs without any serious trouble and was successfully executed from March 1997 to September 1998. The results were integrated as a "technical package" .

HighEfficiency Extraction and Modifiion on the Coal Liquefaction ...

HighEfficiency Extraction and Modifiion on the Coal Liquefaction ...

WEBThis study aims to systematically illustrate the mechanism of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and modifiion on the coal liquefaction residue (CLR) and to identify the evolution and characteristics of the mesophase produced from the carbonization of SFE extracts. Results show that the extraction performance of SFE and the properties of the .

 Direction Liquefaction of Biomass | EGEE 439: Alternative Fuels ...

Direction Liquefaction of Biomass | EGEE 439: Alternative Fuels ...

WEBOn the surface, it looks pretty much the same as the process of coal liquefaction. It is a thermochemical conversion process of organic material into liquid biocrude and coproducts. Depending on the process, it is usually conducted under moderate temperatures (300400°C, lower than coal liquefaction) and pressures (1020 MPa, similar or ...

Outline of NEDOL coal liquefaction process development (pilot .

Outline of NEDOL coal liquefaction process development (pilot .

WEBFeb 1, 2000 · The NEDOL process is characterized by combining the technical advantages of "direct hydroliquefaction", "solvolysis", and "solvent extraction", which were individually developed in Japan. Through a onestage liquefaction method using a powdered iron alyst and hydrogen donor solvent, the NEDOL process can attain a high liquefied ...

Liquefaction of Coal

Liquefaction of Coal

WEBJan 1, 2004 · Coal liquefaction means the conversion of solid coal to fuel liquids (Whitehurst et al., 1980). Coal composed mostly of carbon and hydrogen and has lower hydrogen content than petroleum. Therefore, the process of coal liquefaction produces liquid compounds containing hydrogen at levels of approximately 10 to 15% by weight .

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